Program explains what job safety analysis is all about and how to conduct a job safety analysis.
Excerpt: In the safety community there are a variety of technicalterms such as JSA, JIT, OJT, and others. But today we want to discuss JSA, andwhat it can do for your safety program. Job Safety Analysis or JSA is simply aprocedure used to review job methods and uncover hazards that may have beenoverlooked in the layout of the plant or building, and in the design of themachinery, equipment, tools, work stations and processes, or that may havedeveloped after production started, or that result in changes in workprocedure, or personnel. It’s one of the first steps in hazard and accidentanalysis and in safety training. It’s really simple. Once the hazards are knownthe proper solutions can be developed. Some solutions may be physical changesthat eliminate or control the hazard such as placing a safe guard over exposedmoving machine parts. Others may be job procedures that eliminate or minimizethe hazard.
Basically a job safety analysis is not difficult to perform.You can make up your own form for your specific equipment, processes, ormachinery. The basic format looks something like this:
- What To Do
- How To Do It
- Key Points
The “What To Do” section is nothing more than the steps, insequence, of a particular job, such as using a pressurized dry chemical fireextinguisher.
- Step 1 under what to do would be to remove the extinguisherfrom the wall bracket.
- Step 2 carry the extinguisher to the fire.
- Step 3 remove the pin.
- Step 4 aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire.
- Step 5 squeeze the discharge lever.
- Step 6 apply the stream of extinguisher to the fire.
- Step 7 report the use of the extinguisher after the fire is,and return the extinguisher for servicing.
- Step 8 place a charged fire extinguisher on the rack toreplace the discharged extinguisher.
Now for the How To part of the JSA. These are instructionsfor completing the “What to do” items.
- Step 1 put the left hand on the bottom lip of theextinguisher, fingers curled around the lip, palm up, right hand on the carryinghandle, palm down, and fingers around carrying handle only.
- Step 2 carry the extinguisher in the right hand in anupright position.
- Step 3 set the extinguisher down in an upright position.Place the left hand on the top of extinguisher, pull out the pin with the righthand.
- Step 4 place the right hand over the carrying handle withfingers curled around the operating lever handle while grasping the dischargehose near the nozzle with the left hand.
- Step 5 direct the exintguisher stream at the base of thefire, and step 6 replace discharged extinguisher with a fully chargedextinguisher.
The next major category on the JSA is to identify the KeyPoints of the operation. Remember safety is always a key point.
- Step 1 check the pressure to be sure the extinguisher ischarged. Stand close to the extinguisher pulling straight out, have a firm gripto prevent dropping the extinguisher, then lowering the extinguisher as youremove the left hand from the bottom lip of the extinguisher.
- Step 2 the extinguisher should hang alongside the leg makingit easier to carry and reduces the possibility of arm or back sprain.
- Step 3 hold the extinguisher steady with the left hand. Becareful not to exert pressure on the discharge lever as you remove the pin.
- Step 4 have a firm grip on the handle to steady theextinguisher.
- Step 5 work from side to side, or around the fire. Afterextinguishing the flames be sure all smoldering or blowing surfaces are fullyextinguished.
- Step 6 when replacing the discharged extinguisher be surenot to strain your back or arm in the lifting process. Hold the extinguisherclose to your body. What you have just seen is a job safety analysis worksheet.
Use this information to actually create a job safety analysis training guidefor training persons to use fire extinguishers. The training guide is theresult of analyzing each specific job in your organization, so when it comestime for training…